First day after birth.

Of course, you are a bit tired, because you have done very hard work. But equally you tired and your child. In addition, it now got a lot of new experiences from this bright, filled with different colours and sounds of the world. So now he also needs to relax. And you can enjoy fellowship with the baby that sweet snuffle on your chest. But it will take just a few days, the baby will start to show curiosity. Lying on his stomach, he will for a short time to raise his head, equally well to move his hands and feet and even focus on a subject located at a distance of 20-30 cm from it. And today he turned one day, a lot of interesting life. Every day it will change and grow before your eyes and, of course, require greater attention and care. While you hesitantly take the baby in his arms, tenderly swaddled him, gently touching tiny toes. But, after a little time, and you will become an experienced mother, learn to understand your child and answer all his queries. In the meantime, I will help you in this difficult but very good with advice.

The first examination of the child

Despite the size of the expectant mother knowledge and read books, you will not be left alone with a newborn and will help and advise you how to swaddle, feed, wash, etc. Watching as examined the baby doctor, you will understand that it is important not to miss inspecting the baby at home. And watching the nurse’s arms, deftly planusa child, you learn not to be afraid of their baby, and confident to handle him. In addition, you will need to learn how to examine your baby.

The first medical examination of your child makes the doctor in delivery room immediately after birth. The doctor not only checks if the kid is OK, but conducts proceedings:

• Clears the respiratory tract of the infant by suction through the nose. Sometimes it is done immediately after you see the head, sometimes after the child to get out entirely.

• Clamps and cuts the umbilical cord, applying antibiotic ointment. Moreover, the clamp may leave in place for another day.

• Checks the children’s place and determines its status, making sure that it is intact.

• Checks the baby’s Apgar scores, that is, evaluates the physical condition of the child.

• Adds eye drops (solution of silver nitrate or an antibiotic) to prevent the entry of gonorrhea.

• Checks whether look all parts of the body, said fingers on the hands and feet.

• Makes an injection of vitamin K for coagulation of the child.

• Weigh the child. The average baby weight is 3.4 kg and is considered a normal weight from 2.5 to 4.5 kg.

• Measures the growth of the child. The average height is 50 cm, and normal ranges from 46 to 56 cm

• Measure head circumference. The average is 35 cm, the normal circumference from 32,8 to 37.3 cm

• Takes blood from your baby’s heel to test for phenylketonuria and hypothyroidism, blood from the umbilical cord to determine the RH factor and other mandatory tests, including a blood sugar.

• Determines gestational age, i.e. the time spent in the womb. This applies to premature babies.

After inspection the child put on the handle of an identification plate that allows you not to confuse your baby with other babies.

This examination, most likely, you will not be able to see with your own eyes. Even if you are going to attend it, it is unlikely that you will remember and be able to ask questions, because you are very tired and need rest. But the next day, the doctor will repeat the inspection with your direct participation and even spend it in more detail. Then you can ask all your questions. Of course, you will be interested to know what the Apgar score and highly evaluated whether the physical condition of your child, and much more. So you were more competent in these matters, you should get acquainted with the General concepts in advance.

Rules for mothers in the first days after birth

To quickly regain their strength, you need to follow some rules. Here they are:

• The first day after birth as much as possible lie on your back. Get up only when necessary.

• Put baby to the breast on demand.

• Drink more and eat easily digestible food.

• Frequently empty the bladder. Do not suffer!

• At the end of the second day choose food with a laxative effect or take a laxative.

• Wear only cotton underwear.

• Wash the perineum with a decoction of oak bark or chamomile.

• From the second day, take a contrast shower, do exercises for the muscles of the perineum and pelvic floor, as well as exercises for abdominal muscles.

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